Glossary

Absorbable sutures (sewing material)

Sutures which dissolve during the healing process thus ridding the necessity to be pulled out.

Arthroplasty

A piece of foreign material which is used to replace damaged or diseased tissue or organ parts for example hip, knee or elbow. The material is modeled and introduced into the body as necessary to restore the health of the patient.

Aspiration

A puncture (from Latin „punctum“) in medicine by use of a needle or other sharp instrument. The resulting sample is absorbed tissue fluid or aspirate.

Audit

Test e.g. compliance with the quality assurance.

Butterfly needle

An infusion cannula which resembles a butterfly in shape. It is inserted into the vein and is designed, after the removal of the steel mandrel to remain in the vessel. Most butterfly needles have a secondary access port which allows for the administration of medicines without having to puncture the skin anew.

Cardiology

A branch of internal medicine or pediatrics which deals with the diseases and changes oft he heart and their treatment.

Cardiovascular

Heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular system).

Capillaries

Vessels with a diameter of 5-10µm.

Catheter

A catheter is a tubular (hose) rigid or flexible instrument for insertion into hollow organs e.g. bladder catheter.

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. COPD, less commonly chronic obstructive lung disease COLD, chronic obstructive airway disease COAD – collectively a group of diseases of the lungs coughing, sputum and shortness of breath are characteristic.

CPB

The extracorporeal circulation using the heart-lung machine (HLM) allows complex open heart surgery. The use of a heart-lung machine is now a standard procedure and is carried out on a vast number of heart operations. Basically the heart-lung machine consists of a hose system which transports the blood through the machine. The oxygen content of the blood is then corrected and transported back into the body

CT

Computer tomography CT is an abbreviation, the computer based analysis of a large number of recorded X-rays from different directions to produce a three dimensional image. Also called CT-scan or CAT-scan (from computed axial tomography).

Contamination

Contamination means soiling through viruses, toxins or other undesired substances.

Conversion

A conversion means the change of an existing bond into another. The new bond has different interest rates or repayment terms.

Coronary vessels

Are those vessels which supply the heart muscle with blood and remove it afterwards e.g. arteries and veins.

Coronary stent

An artificial support used to insure the continuity of tubular structures which are in danger of collapsing.

Diabetes Mellitus

Patients suffering from Diabetes are not able to produce sufficient insulin in their blood or body

Dialyzer

A special filter which is used during dialysis to remove toxic substances and excess water from the blood. The dialyzer is often referred to as an “artificial kidney.”

Dialysis filter

“Artificial kidney”

Dilatation

Name for a method of expanding hollow organs for diagnostic or prophylactic puroposes by use of a Dilatator.

DIN 13485

The DIN EN ISO 13485 in conjunction with Directive 93/42 EEC of the European Council lays out the requirements for a quality management system (QMS), for medical device manufacturers. In addition to the DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 critical processes must be implemented (example: Recall, Defense of contamination, risk management and more.). The standard specifies the focus of continuous improvement, in addition to the safety of the products. Medical device manufacturers never achieve certification solely based upon this standard. The certification is a complicated and time consuming process.

Diuretics

Water driving medicines

ECMO

The extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an intensive medical technique in which a machine takes over (partly or completely) the respiratory function of patients. It is used on patients who’s lungs are severely damaged and no longer able to perform the exchange of gas correctly.

Edema

Water accumulation in tissue.

Endoscopy

The illumination and inspection of body cavities and hollow organs by use of an endoscope. Is often used in combination with surgical procedures such as biopsy, appendectomy and cholecystectomy.

Enteral nutrition

Introduction of nutrients in fluid form involving the gastrointestinal tract. A method of feeding patients who are unable to take food independently.

ERP

Enterprise Resource Planning, for the operational activities of the most efficient planning of existing enterprise resources such as capital, equipment or personnel.

Epidural

A form of regional anesthesia which temporarily causes the reversible inhibition of selected nerve segments. The result of which is numbness, pain inhibition and active body movement in the affected area.

Evidence Based Medicine

In the evidence-based medicine treatment decisions are made on the basis of proven measures.

Extracorporeal

Outside of the body.

Extracorporeal blood treatment

Treatment of blood outside of the body for example in dialysis.

Fluid Management

Infusion data management by use of medical infusion equipment

Fluid therapy

Administration of fluids into the body via varying application forms, usually as an infusion therapy.

Gastrointestinal

A word used for the group of organs involved in the intake, grinding, and the transport of food thus allowing the body to utilize the nutrients contained in the food.

Hemodialysis

A treatment for patients with serious kidney problems outside of the body.

Hemofiltration

Sterile substitution solution

HCV

An abbreviation fort he hepatitis C virus.

Hypercholesterolemia

A cholesterol value which is too high.

Hypertension

Blood pressure which is too high

Hypoglycaemia

Hypoglycaemia is when the sugar content of the blood sinks.

Inflammatory

Inflammation, e.g. in wounds.

Interdisciplinary

Is the use of approaches, ideas or methods from different disciplines.

Intermittent therapy

A temporary or intermittent therapy.

Interventional cardiology

Invasive cardiology e.g. stenting, balloon dilatation. See also Cardiology.

Intraoperative

During an operation

Intravenous

The direct administration of medicine or fluid into a venous vessel.

Incision

Surgical incision (cut).

Lancet

A compact lancing instrument used to puncture a vessel.

Laparoscopy

Operative endoscopy of the abdomen and its organs.

Major amputation

Removal of a large part of a body.

Merchandise

Movable material goods that are received in salable condition without any reworking or processing for the purpose of resale.

Midazolam

Midazolam is a sedative used in anaesthesia

Minimal Invasive Surgery (MIS)

An operation technique in which endoscopic instruments are used together with video support allowing for very small cuts in the patients skin.

Morbidity

Number of diseases within a population.

MRSA

MRSA = methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus bacteria which induces infections for which most antibiotics are ineffective.

MRI

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI also MR) is an imagine procedure that is used primarily in medical diagnostics for the representation of the structure and function of tissues and organs of the body. It is based upon the physical principals of nuclear magnetic resonance.

Necrosis

Intravital and morphological changes in a cell or tissue (tissue death) that occurs after irreversible loss of cell function (so-called cell death.

Neonatology

Is a subdivision of paediatrics which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases which affect new born babies.

Nephrology

Branch of medicine concerned with the morphology, function and disease of the kidney.

Neurosurgery

Branch of surgery that deals with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases of the peripheral and central nervous system.

Neuropathy

Nervous disorders.

Nitrosamines

Nitrosamines are carcinogenic substances produced from nitrites and amines. The formation takes place only under certain conditions, especially in an acidic environment as found in the human stomach.

Noroviruses

Noroviruses are highly contagious and survive on food and goods. They cause vomiting and diarrhoea.

Operating costs

The operating costs include things like costs of sales, research and development costs, distribution costs and administrative expenses.

Oncology

Branch of medicine that deals with the development and treatment of tumours and tumour-related diseases.

Opioids

Painkillers. The name of the group of substances is derived from the natural mixture of opium.

Orthopaedics

Field of medicine that deals with the origin, prevention and treatment of congenital or acquired disorders and abnormalities in shape or function of the muscoskeletal system.

Paediatrics

A branch of medicine which caters for the special needs of children.

Palliative care

Palliative care is the treatment of patients with incurable, progressive and far advanced disease who have a limited life expectancy. The main goal being monitoring and maintenance of the quality of life.

Pandemic

National and international spreading of an infectious disease or virus.

Parenteral nutrition

Sustaining life through the introduction of suitable nutrients (mostly in liquid form) directly into the bloodstream.

Pay Per Use

A marketing concept for which the customer only pays for the actual use of a product but does not acquire ownership of the product. It is increasingly in use for large expensive equipment such as an MRI.

Perfusor

Electrical infusion device that allows a precise administration of calculated doses of substances over a fixed period of time.

Peritoneal dialysis

Treatment method in dialysis in which the peritoneum of the patient is used as a filter for blood purification.

Peritoneal cavity

The Abdomen.

Physiotherapy

Naturopathy in the broadest sense where the natural healing potential of the body is addressed.

Plasmapheresis

Plasma exchange, extraction of blood plasma with reintroduction of the red and white blood cells to the donor.

Plasma water

Water content of the plasma with all dissolved substances without proteins.

Plexus anaesthesia

Anaesthetics blocking of the peripheral nerve plexus.

Polymer coating

A compound formed by addition or condensation of the same molecules. A coating process which allows the production of a surface coating with excellent anti-adhesion properties and or very good sliding properties

Polysulfone dialyzer

Dialyzer in which hollow polysulfone fibres formed to a membrane for blood purification.

Port

In medicine a subcutaneously (under the skin) implanted small housing with a membrane and vascular connection for the implementation of chemotherapy infusions, frequent blood collection.

Postrenal

In the sense of flow, after the kidney.

Pre-renal

Before the kidney.

Proliferation

Propagation of tissue by proliferation or budding, usually in the context of inflammation or wound healing.

PTCA-Balloons and Stents

The Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) commonly known as coronary angioplasty or simply angioplasty and is a therapeutic procedure used to treat the stenotic (narrowed) coronary arteries of the heart found in heart disease. The balloon catheter is a thin flexible plastic tube with an elongated inflatable balloon at the end. The balloon is inserted into the region to be treated by means of a catheter. The position of the balloon is controlled visually by means of an X-ray screen. When in the correct position the balloon is inflated for a period of 10 to 30 seconds (sometimes longer) to stretch the narrowed vessel. In most cases the process must be repeated several times until the vessel has been successfully stretched.

QDR / PQDR

Quality Deficiency Report (QDR) sometimes referred to as Product Quality Deficiency Report (PQDR) is in general customer feedback referring normally to a failure of a product or the quality of such. Companies and Institutions which are certified in accordance with DIN 13485 or ISO 9001 are required to officially register complaints. A company may also issue a QDR towards one of its suppliers who must in turn also react according to the appropriate standards.

Radiopharmaceuticals

Radiopharmaceuticals are used in nuclear medicine. They may consist of a sole radioactive substance or coupled together with a carrier substance.

Renal insufficiency

Is a slow, over months or years progressive loss of renal (kidney) function.

Respirator

Device used for artificial respiration

Restenosis

Restinosis is the repeated constriction of a previously treated blood vessel or other hollow organ.

Retroperitoneal space

Behind the abdomen.

Rheology

Flow theory, the science of the flow properties of liquid substances and plastic deformation of malleable materials.

Risk management

Systematic approach to identify potential risks, evaluate and select appropriate measures for risk reduction. Before a product can be introduced to the market the manufacturer must evaluate potential risks which may arise from the use of the product.

RKI-List

The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) list is a register of common infectious diseases.

Salmonellosis

Caused by Salmonella infections with an obligation to report suspected cases particularly in food poisoning.

SAPV Patients

SAPV Patients are patients who are dying with severe pain symptoms, severe neurological / psychiatric, respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms.

SARS

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, an infectious disease that was first observed in November 2002.

Sedative

Tranquilizers, can be used for example to sedate over anxious patients or reduce restlessness.

Sedation

The term sedation (sedation, less commonly, from Latin Sedar, “calm down”) is mainly used in medicine such as anaesthesiology or in psychotropic drugs. Tranquilisers also belong to this group of medicines.

Semi permeable

Semi-transparent.

Sepsis

Blood poisoning caused by bacteria, fungi or viruses. A severely infectious disease.

Single Use Surgical Instruments (SUSI)

Disposable surgical instruments.

Stent

Artificial vascular support for the dilatation and for securing the continuity of tubular structures.

Stoma

An artificial surgically produced orifice such as artificial bowel or bladder outlet.

Terminal renal insufficiency

Kidney failure, end-stage chronic renal failure.

Toxins

Poisonous substances.

Traumatology

Branch of surgery specialised in the treatment of trauma patients.

TRBA 250

Technical Regulations for Biological Agents 250. A directive which deals with the disposal of biological substances e.g. used needles etc into special containers.

Type 2 Diabetes

Disorder in which insulin is available within the body but cannot function correctly.

Ultra filtration

Controlled removal of fluids from the blood of a patient.

Uremic toxins

Toxic substances which are transported out of the body together with urin.

Vaccinia-, Polyoma viruses

Avian polymaviruses lead to the French Mouser. The BK virus (BKV, BK-polymaviruses or (BKPyV) can during immosuppressive treatment e.g. after a kidney transplantation, lead to repelling of the new organ.

Vascular

Vessels belonging to the body, vessels containing.

Vascular access

Arterial-venous shunt in the forearm or a central venous catheter.

Volatile anaesthetics

Anaesthesia procedure in which general anaesthesia is induced by inhalation of gaseous substances e.g. Laughing gas (N2o).

Volume replacement solution

Solution to offset a deficit in body fluid with the aim to improve the tissue and to remove the oxygen deficiency.

Our catalogue as Web-App for Apples iPhone™

www.inteqmed.de can be reached with an iPhone™ or an iPod Touch™. Here you will find our catalogue in pocket format. This way you will always have the newest information at your finger tips as and when you need it.